Microsoft Azure Architecture: Beginner’s Guide In 2021

6 min readMar 21, 2021


Cloud computing is changing the way new systems are built. Instead of developing monolithic applications, cloud infrastructure has allowed them to be divided into smaller, modular microservices. Asynchronous messaging or application programming interfaces (API) are used by each provider to communicate with one another. This architecture also makes it easier for applications to scale by adding new instances of services as demand grows (scaling-out) and eliminating examples of services as demand decreases (scaling-in).

Cloud computing technologies and systems, predictably, have increased in popularity in recent years, revolutionizing how companies run and producing new revenue sources. More than 77 per cent of companies, it is estimated, use enterprise cloud solutions in their computing infrastructure.


There are numerous cloud computing platforms available, but Microsoft Azure is one of the most common. Microsoft Azure is the business cloud platform of choice, with 95 per cent of Fortune 500 businesses using it.

Microsoft Azure, formerly known as Windows Azure, was introduced by Microsoft in 2010 as a public cloud services platform that allowed users to develop, analyze, deploy, and administer their applications using Microsoft’s cloud-based data centres. These data centres’ servers are spread across 140 countries and are rising. Microsoft Azure provides a variety of applications across many platforms, including Compute, Database, Content Delivery, and Networking.


If you’ve settled on the major technology and architectural style elements, you’ll be able to imagine the technological plan of application. Each implementation is distinct, but the following sources will aid in the following ways:

Enterprises can build the following solutions on Microsoft Azure:

  1. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
  2. Platform as a Service (PAAS)
  3. Software as a Service (SaaS)

Azure is a fast, scalable, and, most importantly for businesses, cost-effective cloud platform. So what exactly are you going to do with it? A few examples of Azure solutions are given below:

  • App Development Users can build virtually any type of web application in Azure
  • App Hosting After development, you can host the application on Azure.
  • Software Testing Users can also test and audit applications on Azure
  • Virtual Machine Creation Add virtual machines to your IT infrastructure by using Azure
  • Virtual Hard Drives Extend your fleet of virtual machines with virtual hard drives (or cloud-based storage)
  • Business Intelligence Azure is a powerful business intelligence tool that helps you to collect and store essential metrics that measure your application’s activities
  • Integration and Synchronization Azure allows you to integrate cloud-based apps with your existing IT infrastructure
  1. Service Bus: Service Bus is a data distribution service which erects on the third person communication arrangement.
  2. SQL Server Stretch Database: This service assists to move any transparently and cold data securely to the Azure Architecture cloud computing system.

These solutions are also available on other cloud networks, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS). However, Azure has some distinctive features that make Azure architecture preparation or Azure credential worthwhile, which we will explore later.


If you want to apply for Azure Architect jobs or get Azure training, you should first understand what Microsoft Azure architecture is.

Microsoft Azure, like other cloud systems, is based on a technology known as virtualization, which is the simulation of computer hardware in software. This is possible since most electronic hardware operates by following a sequence of instructions encoded directly into the silicon. Virtualized hardware can behave like “original” hardware by mapping software instructions to simulate hardware instructions.

Cloud providers operate several data centres, each of which holds hundreds (if not thousands) of physical servers that power virtualized hardware for users. Microsoft Azure architecture is built on a vast array of servers and networking devices, which hosts a complex collection of programmes that manage the operation and synchronization of the software and virtualized hardware on these servers.

Azure’s influence comes from its intricate orchestration. It removes the need for consumers to waste time repairing and updating computer hardware because Azure does everything behind the scenes.


Improved Backup and Disaster Recovery

Microsoft Azure provides scalability, advanced site recovery, and pre-built integration. Since Azure is cloud-based, it is inherently portable, allowing you to backup your data in almost any programming language, operating system, or venue. Azure also helps you to set backup plans that are regular, weekly, monthly, or whatever you choose.

Microsoft Azure’s site recovery features, on the other hand, will boost the tape backup systems by offering offsite replication and decades-long data protection with low onsite maintenance and operating costs. Azure also saves three copies of the data in three separate data centre sites, as well as three backups in a remote data centre.

Develop and Host Web and Mobile Apps

Azure is an excellent tool for creating, hosting, and handling web and mobile applications, allowing them to be self-sufficient and adaptable thanks to functionality such as automated patch control, AutoScale, and integration for on-premise apps.

Automatic patch maintenance on your virtual machines helps you save time that would otherwise be spent maintaining your hardware, allowing you to concentrate on enhancing the key functionality of your app. Meanwhile, AutoScale, an Azure Web Apps feature, sets the resource threshold based on user traffic, saving you money outside of peak hours. Finally, Azure connects your mobile applications to an on-premises app, giving your stakeholders access to services behind your firewall.

Integration with Active Directory

Microsoft Azure will work with your Active Directory to complement your current access and identity capabilities. It also improves the stability, global scope, and unified management of your DNS.

One of the functionalities that distinguishes Azure is its ability to expand the scope of your Active Directory ecosystem globally while retaining direct control. No other cloud provider can extend the scope of your domain controller or consolidate Active Directory management.

If you have several pages or use cloud applications such as Office 365, Azure’s integration with Active Directory offers a centralised tool for monitoring and controlling connections to your suite of resources.


Cloud computing has altered how companies conduct much of their business operations, as well as how software and systems are created. An Azure architect’s primary duty is to ensure that the application provides market benefit by fulfilling the organization’s practical specifications. This, however, means ensuring that the solution is built to be flexible, effective, safe, and efficient.

Although there is not any one-size-fits-all approach for designing architecture on Azure, all architects agree on a few best practices that can appeal to every cloud provider, infrastructure, or architecture. While these best practises just scratch the surface of what Azure has to offer, relying on them can help you provide a solid, scalable, and stable framework for your application.

Design with Security in Mind

Data is the most valuable (and potentially dangerous) part of your organization’s IT infrastructure. Any architect must prioritise maintaining access to their architecture by rigorous authentication protocols as well as shielding their application and data from network threats. You can also use encryption protocols to safeguard your files.

From pre-development and architecture through installation, rollout, and operations, security must be at the core of the application’s lifecycle. Though Azure offers comprehensive defences against threats such as DDoS attacks and network breaches, developers must also take responsibility for integrating security activities into the programme, their procedures, and their organisation.

Design for Scalable Performance

As previously mentioned, the uniqueness of cloud computing and microservices architecture is the simplicity at which performance can be scaled. To function optimally and to be flexible, the architecture must be capable of changing resource capacity in response to demand. This is normally achieved by ensuring that programmes can scale dynamically in response to traffic or user behaviour.

Customers have a good experience because their architecture is built with an emphasis on efficiency and stability. Finally, scalability is related to profitability. You can save money if the architecture will adapt to changing demand.

Design for Recoverability

Any architect must plan for the worst-case scenario of their architecture failing and leaving them unable to recover their files. A dependable cloud environment has several protections to deter catastrophic failure at all stages. Designing an infrastructure capable of returning from failure within the timeframes expected by both consumers and stakeholders is a significant part of this.

Design for Efficiency

Last but not least, ensure that the cloud service is built in such a manner that server creation and operation are also cost-effective. This entails finding possible areas of inefficiency and waste and directing your IT capital to where you can optimise ROI.

It’s also critical to have a tracking architecture that allows you to spot impending errors or issues before they happen, or, at the very least, before they attract your customers’ attention.


Cloud computing is the method of accessing and storing data over the internet. Microsoft Azure Architecture is a cloud infrastructure system that was introduced by Microsoft. In Microsoft Azure Architecture, there are three major categories of clouds: 1) IAAS 2) PAAS 3) SAAS A platform as a service is a computer framework that comprises web servers, an operating system, a database, and an execution environment for a programming language. Check out our Services here.




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